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Table 1 Characteristics of selected trials

From: RETRACTED ARTICLE: A meta-analysis of external fixator versus intramedullary nails for open tibial fracture fixation

Author published year Time of research Study design Types of fractures Number Materials Gender (F/M) Age
EF IN EF IN EF IN EF IN
Antrich-Adrover [26] 1997 NA RCT II/IIIA/B 22 17 NA NA 19/3 11/6 29.7 ± 19.4 32.6 ± 15.7
Cozma [24] 2000 1994.1–1998.12 CCT IIIA/B/C 29 33 Burghele/Ilizarov Unreamed 36/21 36 (17–70)
Henley [25] 1998 1988.1–1993.3 CCT II/IIIA/B 68 100 Half-pin Unreamed 53/15 79/21 33 (16–77) 33 (14–81)
Inan [19] 2007 1997.3–2000.5 RCT IIIA 32 29 Ilizarov Unreamed 28/4 24/5 32.3 (15–64) 31.7 (17–54)
Mohseni [20] 2011 2009.3–2011.3 RCT IIIA/B 25 25 AO tubular plate Unreamed 22/3 20/5 28.92 ± 8.88 (12–49) 30.8 ± 5.24 (23–39)
Shannon [21] 2002 NA RCT IIIA 17 13 AO tubular plate Unreamed 10/7 7/6 34 (17–71) 44 (21–82)
Tornetta [27] 1994 1989.1–1991.1 CCT IIIB 14 15 NA NA 9/5 11/4 37 (19–86) 41 (21–73)
Tu [28] 1995 1992.1–1992.6 RCT IIIA/B 18 18 Hoffmann NA 30/6 38.5 (16–85)
Holbrook [29] 1989 1985.7–1987.9 RCT I/II/III 28 29 AO/Hoffmann/Orthofix NA NA 25 (7–65) 28 (15–66)
  1. EF external fixation, IN intramedullary nails, NA not provided.