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Table 3 Demographic and comorbidity data and their correlation with JOA score ( N= 104)

From: Expansive open-door laminoplasty secured with titanium miniplates is a good surgical method for multiple-level cervical stenosis

Items Sample size,n Upper extremities motor function Lower extremities motor function Upper extremities sensory function Lower extremities sensory function Trunk sensory function Bladder function JOA score JOA Recovery rate
Agea 60.13 ± 11.89 0.04 0.01 0.01 0.13 −0.11 0.11 0.10 −0.25*
Genderb   −0.55 0.62 0.17 0.43 −0.80 0.28 −0.51 −0.02
 Male 67 1.42 ± 0.80 1.55 ± 0.87 0.88 ± 0.44 0.48 ± 0.50 0.15 ± 0.35 0.22 ± 0.62 4.63 ± 1.96 0.75 ± 0.21
 Female 37 1.51 ± 0.93 1.43 ± 1.04 0.48 ± 0.50 0.43 ± 0.50 0.22 ± 0.47 0.19 ± 0.56 4.84 ± 2.07 0.75 ± 0.20
Smokeb   0.40 1.30 1.20 −0.51 0.27 −0.08 0.94 0.52
 No 89 1.44 ± 0.86 1.46 ± 0.96 0.85 ± 0.44 0.47 ± 0.50 0.17 ± 0.40 0.21 ± 0.63 4.65 ± 2.10 0.74 ± 0.21
 Yes 15 1.53 ± 0.74 1.80 ± 0.67 1.00 ± 0.37 0.40 ± 0.50 0.20 ± 0.41 0.20 ± 0.41 5.00 ± 1.13 0.77 ± 0.21
Depressionb   −1.95 −0.65 −0.11 −0.17 −4.38* −3.59* −1.97 −2.73*
 No 97 0.86 ± 0.69 1.53 ± 0.95 0.88 ± 0.44 0.46 ± 0.50 0.19 ± 0.42 0.23 ± 0.62 4.80 ± 2.00 0.76 ± 0.20
 Yes 7 1.49 ± 0.84 1.29 ± 0.48 0.86 ± 0.37 0.43 ± 0.53 0.00 ± 0.00 0.00 ± 0.00 3.29 ± 1.25 0.54 ± 0.26
DM b   1.10 0.07 −1.34 0.63 0.82 −1.49 0.27 −0.10
 No 83 1.41 ± 0.88 1.51 ± 0.90 0.90 ± 0.43 0.45 ± 0.50 0.16 ± 0.36 0.24 ± 0.65 4.67 ± 2.00 0.75 ± 0.22
 Yes 21 1.62 ± 0.66 1.52 ± 1.07 0.76 ± 0.43 0.52 ± 0.51 0.24 ± 0.53 0.10 ± 0.30 4.81 ± 2.01 0.74 ± 0.16
CADb   1.29 1.59 −0.61 0.65 −0.57 0.44 1.17 1.10
 No 81 1.40 ± 0.84 1.43 ± 0.93 0.89 ± 0.44 0.44 ± 0.50 0.19 ± 0.39 0.20 ± 0.57 4.58 ± 1.87 0.74 ± 0.21
 Yes 23 1.65 ± 0.83 1.78 ± 0.90 0.83 ± 0.38 0.52 ± 0.51 0.13 ± 0.45 0.26 ± 0.68 5.13 ± 2.38 0.79 ± 0.20
Previous neck traumab   −0.62 −0.18 1.28 −0.24 0.94 −0.10 −0.29 0.34
 No 79 1.48 ± 0.90 1.52 ± 0.99 0.85 ± 0.45 0.47 ± 0.50 0.15 ± 0.39 0.22 ± 0.65 4.73 ± 2.15 0.74 ± 0.21
 Yes 25 1.36 ± 0.63 1.48 ± 0.71 0.96 ± 0.35 0.44 ± 0.50 0.24 ± 0.43 0.20 ± 0.40 4.60 ± 1.38 0.76 ± 0.20
Concomitant
T-L stenosisb
  −0.94 0.12 −1.69 0.64 −1.19 0.95 −0.24 −2.55*
 No 62 1.52 ± 0.78 1.50 ± 0.82 0.94 ± 0.40 0.44 ± 0.50 0.21 ± 0.44 0.16 ± 0.48 4.74 ± 1.95 0.79 ± 0.18
 Yes 42 1.36 ± 0.93 1.52 ± 1.08 0.79 ± 0.47 0.50 ± 0.50 0.12 ± 0.32 0.29 ± 0.74 4.64 ± 2.07 0.69 ± 0.23
  1. Age is shown as mean ± SD. ar value; bt value; * P < 0.05.