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Table 2 Distances between distal muscles and HPC and the number of vascular pedicle in distal muscles

From: A gross anatomic study of distal tibia and fibula for single-incision approach

Leg number Distance between distal muscles and HPC (cm) Number of vascular pedicle in distal muscles
TA EHL EDL PL PB TA EHL EDL PL PB
1 12.0 4.3 7.9 2.5 6.3 2 4 3 1 3
2 10.5 3.8 4.3 2.9 5.9 3 4 3 1 2
3 10.8 7.1 3.8 6.3 2.1 3 3 3 2 2
4 11.3 5.8 6.9 7.0 2.3 3 2 2 3 3
5 12.9 5.3 7.3 7.4 4.6 2 3 2 2 3
6 11.1 4.2 8.9 6.9 5.7 2 3 4 2 1
7 12.0 3.9 8.4 3.1 5.8 1 3 3 2 1
8 10.6 2.8 7.1 4.3 4.7 2 4 3 2 2
9 9.4 3.9 7.4 5.7 6.0 3 4 4 1 2
10 13.1 5.1 6.6 2.9 5.7 3 4 4 3 3
11 10.7 5.0 6.8 3.8 3.8 2 2 2 3 3
12 11.5 6.4 6.9 4.8 2.1 2 2 2 2 3
13 11.9 3.9 7.8 5.2 3.6 2 3 3 2 3
14 12.3 4.9 6.7 5.3 2.8 1 4 3 2 2
15 11.0 5.3 5.9 6.3 4.7 2 3 3 3 2
16 10.8 5.2 6.6 6.6 6.0 1 4 3 2 3
17 10.4 6.6 6.9 7.1 4.7 3 3 4 2 3
18 11.6 6.9 7.5 5.0 5.3 2 3 2 1 3
19 12.6 4.8 7.4 5.9 5.1 3 3 2 1 2
20 11.7 5.4 4.9 6.3 3.3 2 3 4 1 2
21 11.2 5.8 5.9 3.9 4.6 2 2 4 2 2
22 12.0 6.4 5.5 4.2 2.8 2 3 3 2 3
23 11.4 4.7 8.1 5.8 3.0 2 3 4 2 2
24 9.5 5.3 7.7 6.4 3.3 1 4 3 3 2
25 9.9 2.9 4.3 5.8 6.2 2 4 3 3 3
26 11.3 3.8 3.9 6.2 4.7 2 3 4 2 3
S 11.3 ± 0.9 5.0 ± 1.2 6.6 ± 1.4 5.3 ± 1.4 4.4 ± 1.4 2.1 ± 0.7 3.2 ± 0.7 3.1 ± 0.7 2.0 ± 0.7 2.4 ± 0.6
  1. TA tibialis anterior, EHL extensor hallucis longus, EDL extensor digitorum longus, PL peroneus longus, PB peroneus brevis, HPC the highest point of the medial malleolus and the lateral malleolus of the connection.