Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic characteristics, functional status, and health habits of the patientss

From: Risk factors for postoperative complication after spinal fusion and instrumentation in degenerative lumbar scoliosis patients

Characteristics Patients with postoperative complications P
Yes (n = 21) No (n = 84)
Age (years) 66.8 ± 5.5 65.0 ± 5.1 0.166
Sex    0.324
  Male 5 (23.8) 12 (14.2)  
  Female 16 (76.2) 72 (85.8)  
BMI (kg/m2) 26.8 ± 2.3 25.8 ± 3.2 0.183
History of severe COPD    0.031
  Yes 10 (47.6) 20 (23.8)  
  No 11 (52.4) 64 (76.2)  
Dyspnea with minimal exertion    0.041
  Yes 5 (23.8) 6 (7.1)  
  No 16 (76.2) 78 (92.9)  
Functional health status    0.041
  Independent 14 (66.7) 74 (88.1)  
  At least partially dependent 7 (33.3) 10 (11.9)  
Smoker within past year    0.044
  Yes 12 (57.1) 28 (33.3)  
  No 9 (42.9) 56 (66.7)  
ASA class    0.000
  1 or 2 3 (14.3) 53 (63.1)  
  3 16 (76.2) 27 (32.1)  
  4 2 (9.5) 4 (4.8)  
Diabetes    0.003
  None or diet only 3 (14.3) 28 (33.3)  
  Oral agents 3 (14.3) 30 (35.7)  
  Insulin 15 (71.4) 26 (31.0)  
Steroid use for chronic condition    0.003
  Yes 12 (57.1) 20 (23.8)  
  No 9 (42.9) 64 (76.2)  
  1. Note: BMI: body mass index; COPD: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; ASA indicates American Society of Anesthesiologists.