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Table 1 The data displayed represents the mean strand tension (Newtons) ± standard deviation compiled from testing each reconstruction (n = 20)

From: The impact of tensioning device mal-positioning on strand tension during Anterior Cruciate Ligament reconstruction

Unlocked 01 D30 P30 02 M30 L30 03
Top-medial 36.3 ± 1.4 36.7 ± 2.2 35.6 ± 1.6 36.1 ± 1.9 34.2 ± 1.8 37.7 ± 2.0 35.4 ± 1.7
Top-lateral 36.9 ± 1.6 36.9 ± 2.6 36.1 ± 2.5 37.1 ± 1.8 38.5 ± 2.7 34.6 ± 2.3 37.6 ± 1.7
Bottom-medial 36.8 ± 3.1 36.8 ± 2.7 35.6 ± 1.6 36.8 ± 2.8 38.5 ± 2.9 35.6 ± 2.4 37.8 ± 2.3
Bottom-lateral 38.1 ± 3.0 38.3 ± 2.8 38.8 ± 2.9 37.8 ± 2.9 36.7 ± 2.9 40.0 ± 2.3 37.2 ± 2.6
Locked-clockwise 01 D30 P30 02 M30 L30 03
Top-medial 39.6 ± 1.4 35.6 ± 3.2 38.4 ± 2.1 39.6 ± 1.6 35.8 ± 2.4 39.5 ± 2.2 39.0 ± 1.5
Top-lateral 40.6 ± 2.2 35.9 ± 3.3 38.6 ± 3.7 40.9 ± 1.3 40.7 ± 2.9 36.1 ± 3.3 41.3 ± 1.3
Bottom-medial 33.7 ± 3.0 38.7 ± 5.2 34.8 ± 3.2 33.6 ± 2.5 37.7 ± 3.1 33.1 ± 2.2 34.4 ± 2.3
Bottom-lateral 34.3 ± 3.1 39.2 ± 3.0 35.8 ± 3.5 33.8 ± 2.7 33.4 ± 3.0 39.5 ± 3.4 33.5 ± 2.8
Locked-counterclockwise 01 D30 P30 02 M30 L30 03
Top-medial 33.9 ± 1.9 33.4 ± 2.2 33.4 ± 2.2 33.7 ± 1.8 32.1 ± 2.5 34.9 ± 2.1 33.3 ± 1.6
Top-lateral 34.7 ± 1.9 33.3 ± 2.4 33.5 ± 3.6 35.0 ± 1.4 35.6 ± 2.6 32.1 ± 2.8 35.1 ± 1.5
Bottom-medial 39.5 ± 2.9 40.2 ± 3.3 39.6 ± 2.3 39.6 ± 2.7 41.9 ± 2.8 38.2 ± 2.3 40.2 ± 2.3
Bottom-lateral 40.4 ± 2.6 42.2 ± 2.9 41.5 ± 3.7 40.0 ± 2.1 38.8 ± 3.6 43.5 ± 2.1 39.8 ± 2.5
  1. Testing was performed with the tensioning device held in three locking states (unlocked, locked-clockwise and locked-counterclockwise. Individual strand response to loading (top-medial, top-lateral, bottom medial and bottom lateral) are recorded at each position (01, 02, 03: neutral; D30, P30: distal or proximal excursion; M30, L30: lateral or medial excursion).