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Table 5 Study Characteristics of Selected Experimental Controlled Animal Studies on He-Ne Low Level Laser Irradiation Effects on Bone Healing

From: Effects of low power laser irradiation on bone healing in animals: a meta-analysis

Authors Surgery Type Type of Fixation Bone
Name
Mechanical Test Test Speed (mm/min) Graph
Type
* Laser
Type
David
et al.,
1996
CO IF (Intramedullary 1/32" Kirschner wire) Tibia Four Point Bending Test 5 Stress-Strain He - Ne
Luger
et al.,
1998
CO IF
(Kirschner wire)
Tibia Tension - Stress Test 5 Load-Strain He - Ne
Tajali
et al.,
2003
PO EF Tibia Three Point Bending Test N/A Load-Deformation He - Ne
Teng
et al.,
2006
PO Without Fixation Radius Biomechanics Anti - Torsion Test N/A N/A He - Ne & Co2
  1. CO = Complete Osteotomy, PO = Partial Oasteotomy, IF = Internal Fixation, EF = External Fixation,
  2. * Independent Variable