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Table 2 Modified Tokuhashi scoring system for preoperative assessment of metastatic spine tumor prognosis.

From: Comparison of prognostic scores and surgical approaches to treat spinal metastatic tumors: A review of 57 cases

Characteristics Score
General health condition good = 0, bad = 1
Extra-spinal bone metastasis no = 0 , yes = 1
Other vertebral metastasis no = 0, yes = 1
Other visceral organ metastasis no = 0, yes = 1
Primary site of the cancer limited = 0, diffuse = 1
Palsy normal = 0, paresis = 1, plegia = 2