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Table 1 Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics of all randomized patients.

From: Clinical effects of Garcinia kola in knee osteoarthritis

Demographic
characteristics
TRT GR A TRT GR B TRT GR C TRT GR D
Mean age(SD) 53.2(6.0) 51.0(7.3) 54.1(5.8) 52.5(7.1)
Age range(yr) 36–61 34–59 34–60 35–62
Sex
Female 14 15 15 16
Male 7 6 6 5
Race (%Black) 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Ethnic origin(% Yoruba) 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Religion(%Christianity) 80.9 76.2 90.4 80.9
Knee most affected     
   Right 8 7 8 6
   Left 6 6 4 8
   Bilateral 7 8 9 7
Clinical
characteristics
    
KOA mean aduration(yr) 9.2(7.5) 11.1(8.0) 9.9(10.6) 8.8(9.3)
Hypertension mean duration (yr) 7.0(5.6) 5.8(6.7) 6.1(5.3) 6.5(5.8)
  N = 5 N = 6 N = 6 N = 5
Mean SBP(mm Hg) 132(14.7) 136(19.1) 136(17.8) 138(16.9)
Mean DBP(mm Hg) 84(19.4) 88(18.9) 87(18.5) 86(17.0)
Mean Weight(kg) 71(18.2) 74(23.1) 73(17.5) 72(19.4)
Cardiovascular history NAD NAD NAD NAD
Anti-hypertensive medication Nifedipine Nifedipine Nifedipine Nifedipine
Mean BMI 28(9.2) 27(10.1) 27(10.3) 28(8.9)
  1. N.B:
  2. TRT = Treatment
  3. GRP A = Placebo Control
  4. GRP B = Naproxen
  5. GRP C = Garcinia kola
  6. GRP D = Celebrex