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Table 3 Summary of MAR in Host, Graft and Interface Regions of Interest

From: Effects of low intensity pulsed ultrasound with and without increased cortical porosity on structural bone allograft incorporation

   Mineral Apposition Rate (MAR), mm/d
   Host Graft Interface
reatment Cortex Mean ± SEM Mean ± SEM Mean ± SEM
(-)CTL Cranial 0.242 ± 0.102 0.003 ± 0.004 0.533 ± 0.028
  Caudal 0.248 ± 0.084 0.043 ± 0.025 0.52 ± 0.015
LIPUS Cranial 1.306 ± 0.197a 0.364 ± 0.142a 2.058 ± 0.046a
  Caudal 1.055 ± 0.214a 0.520 ± 0.153a 2.580 ± 0.033a
LAP Cranial 0.897 ± 0.162a 0.496 ± 0.157a 2.543 ± 0.194a
  Caudal 0.965 ± 0.18a 0.182 ± 0.099a 1.608 ± .0.034a
LIPUS+LAP Cranial 0.640 ± 0.142b 0.768 ± 0.216a 1.597 ± 0.037a
  Caudal 0.557 ± 0.146b 0.332 ± 0.142a 1.964 ± 0.07a
(+)CTL Cranial 0.739 ± 0.15a 0.696 ± 0.157a 2.243 ± 0.101a
  Caudal 0.926 ± 0.176a 0.576 ± 0.15a 1.932 ± 0.057a
  1. a, p < 0.001 relative to (-)CTL.
  2. b, p < 0.010 relative to (-)CTL.
  3. NOTE: there were no significant differences (p > 0.05) for MAR in any region between LIPUS, LAP. or LIPUS+LAP treatment groups.